History of Campbell
(Part 3 of 3)
This is Part
3 (covering years 1950 to the present) of an interactive chronology
of Campbell Park, the Village of Pentwater, and vicinity.
To see Part
1 (covering years up to 1900), click
To see Part
2 (covering years 1900 to 1950), click
any comments, corrections, additions, or additional links to firstname.lastname@example.org.
1950 (May 27) -
Rosabell CAMPBELL McCartney [1894-1950] (oldest of the five Campbell children) dies at her home in Phoenix, Arizona.
6) - The S.S. Badger is launched in Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin, and
will begin daily service to and from Ludington, Michigan. This "car ferry"
is now the last coal-burning steamship on the Great Lakes (although its
sister ship, the S.S. Spartan, remains tied up in Ludington and
could be returned to service). Formerly, there were hundreds of "steamers"
on the lakes, and smoke from several was a common sight at Campbell Park
for many decades.
1953 (June 21) -
VAN METER Ames [1869-1953] (wife of Edward Scribner AMES) dies in Chicago.
1953 (about) -
Campbell Park wreck lies in 12 feet of water. Robert Alexander Campbell
will write August 2, 1985: "It surprises me that the old wreck still shows.
This might indicate the bottom of the lake doesn't change too much. However,
back in early 50s it was 12 feet deep over the wreck. I used to rent a
row boat (with outboard motor) and keep it on the beach. With the little
girls [born in 1942 & 1944] we would boat out over the wreck and fish.
That summer there were always perch there and we had great fun pulling
them in and having them for breakfast." See entry for 1985 (Summer).
cottages change ownership: The Wakeley/McCormack cottage is sold to
the Kuizenga family in 1954, the Fawley cottage is sold to the Clark family
in 1955, and the E.S. Ames cottage is sold to the Sloan family in 1956.
(The Coleman/Morrison cottage will be sold to the Irwin/Purnell family
in 1958, and the Willett/Wright cottage will be sold to the Kunz family
1956 (June 30) -
spectacular seiche causes Lake Michigan to receed and then rush back
onshore from Grand Traverse Bay in the north to Pentwater in the south,
but no serious damage is reported.
Clayton Morrison presses PHA officers (President Robert Alexander Campbell
and Secretary Van Meter Ames) to pay him for the share of Campbell Park
which he relinquished in 1909 (despite using for many years his power of
attorney from brother Hugh T. Morrison to participate in PHA meetings instead
of exercising his own rights as a stockholder). They search records in
Chicago and Cincinnati and conclude that his claim is invalid.
1957 (June) -
Great Lakes Shoreline Survey is begun. The survey report "Remaining Shoreline" will cause the
National Park Service to expand into the Great Lakes region. At the time of its release there are only three
national park units in the region (Isle
Royale National Park, Grand Portage National Monument, and Perry's
Victory National Monument). Afterwards, Sleaping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore and five other units will be
will be established.
1957 (July 5) -
B. Fawley [born 1868] comes "to Chicago from Michigan City...and had
lunch with Bob Campbell... Afterwards the two went down and visited with
[Edward Scribner Ames] [born 1870] and [his daughter] Polly for
an hour... What a treat to see these men greet one another and converse.
They are still building, still religious, still educating and still loyal
to family and friends." (from RAC's 1907-1957 history, page 19)
1957 (July 24) -
Heights Association incorporation is extended.
1957 (July 24) -
Park, July 15, 1907-1957", a "folio" about Campbell Park history, is
compiled and distributed by Robert Alexander CAMPBELL [1904-1986] to commemorate
Campbell Park's semi-cenntenial (23 pages). He prepared 100 copies at a
total cost of $146.25.
1957 (August 15)
- "The Pentwater News" summarizes the report by Robert Alexander
Campbell. The same issue headlines "Carrie E. Mears Passes at Pentwater."
Miss Mears [1880-1957] will be buried in Chicago.
1957 (August 23)
"The Ludington Daily News" runs a story about Campbell Park by
local historian Leonore P. Williams based on the report by Robert Alexander
Campbell. She repeats his count that Campbell Park's present families number
134 individuals. Ms. Williams will later write a biography of Charles Mears.
1958 (March 22)
- Legal help is sought by Pentwater Heights Association president
Alexander CAMPBELL to "clarify our present corporate status." Campbell
writes: "The original group included Dr. E.S. Ames, who will be 88, April
21, 1958, and Mr. George Fawley, who was 89 last September 17, 1957. Neither
owns a cottage or stock now. Van Meter Ames owns a cottage and stock. Mrs.
Virginia Fawley Reichelt now owns only stock."
1958 (June 3) -
Alexander Campbell [1904-1986] resigns as president of the Pentwater
Heights Association (PHA). He had been president 9 years (since 1949).
Within a month, he will sell his 1/4 interest in the Campbell Cottage
to his two remaining sisters and sister-in-law. Their descendants still
share the cottage. (A fifth sibling, Rosabelle Campbell McCartney, sold
out in 1948.) Bob will be suceeded as PHA president by Robert Walker
Clark [b.1894] who will serve 21 years (until 1978).
1958 (June 29) -
Scribner AMES dies in Chicago. His ashes will be scattered with Mable's
behind their cottage in Campbell Park.
Theology: The Autobiography of Edward Scribner Ames" [1870-1958] is
edited by Van Meter Ames [1898-1985] and published posthumously by the
University of Chicago Press (233 pages). The next to last chapter (pages
203-213) is about Pentwater.
1959 -Saint Lawrence
Seaway is completed, permitting larger ocean-going ships to enter the
Great Lakes. The time to sail 1,251 miles from Montreal (past Campbell
Park) to Chicago is 105 hours (plus an average of 17 hours to transit the
1960 - "The Road"
is built up the dunes behind nine of Campbell Park's ten cottages, thus
ending years of controversy Never officially named by Campbell Park
itselt, "the road" now appears on internet maps as "Campbell Park Road."
and Future of History" by Bernadotte Everly Schmitt [1886-1969] is
published by the Press of Western Reserve University (205 pages). Husband
of Damaris Kathryn (Babs) Ames [1901-1985] since 1939, Schmitt was a professor
at the University of Chicago and historian of the Department of State in
Washington, DC. He won the 1931 Pulitzer
Prize in history for "The Coming of the War 1914."
1961 - "Japan
and Zen" is written by Betty
and Van Meter Ames and published by the University of Cincinnati (41 pages).
The little book contains two essays: "Impressions of a Fulbright Wife in
Japan" (pp. 1-27) by Betty and "Zen" (pp. 29-41) by Van Meter.
1962 - William
Hepworth and his wife celebrate their 50th wedding anniversary. They
have 14 children, 61 grandchildren, and 5 great grandchildren. For many
years, Mr. Hepworth drove a horse-drawn wagon up the beach to collect garbage
from Campbell Park and other cottages.
1963 (February 11-13)
- Winter visit to Campbell Park (and Kings Canyon) by Georgia May
Campbell Lollis (age 61) and Ted Lollis (age 25). Lake Michigan is frozen
as far as can be seen. Georgia May writes a lengthy description of the
visit entitled "The fable of the tortoise and the hare."
1963 (late) - In
Kigali, Rwanda (scene of the 1994 genocide), American Vice Consul Ted
Lollis renews the passport of the American wife of German embassy officer
Kopp and discovers that she is Miriam McCormack, daughter of
cottage owner John McCormack from Chicago. Ted and Miriam played together
many summers in the 1940's, along with Sanford and Christine Ames, Joan
Auer, and other children in Campbell Park.
1964 (June) - Level
of Lake Michigan reaches an all-time low (at least since records were
first kept in 1860).
1965 - "Pentwater
1853-1942" by Florence R. Schrumpf is published by the Hart Journal
Press (95 pages).
1966 (March 2) -
Clayton MORRISON [1874-1966] dies in Chicago at age 91. His funeral
will take place at the Univesity Church of the Disciples of Christ near
the University of Chicago.
Lockwood WILLETT III discovers "The Corridor of Years," the manuscript
of an unpublished autobiography of his grandfather Herbert Lockwood
WILLETT, and sends a copy to the Christian Century. Page 115 of the
manuscript describes the creation of Campbell Park in 1907.
1967 (August 6-13)
- Village of Pentwater celebrates its centennial. Realtor Harold
B. Shaw is chairman of the Centennial Committee. Shaw is well known
to Campbell Park residents. As president of the Pentwater Rotary Club,
he admitted William Epworth to membership as "sanitary engineer."
1967 - The alewife
contaminates Pentwater beaches and comprises an estimated 85 percent
of the entire Lake Michigan fishery. Chub, lake herring, yellow perch,
and emerald shiner populations crash. Fish managers introduce the coho
salmon in 1966 and the chinook salmon in 1967 to control the
1969 - Construction
of the 842-acre Ludington
Pumped Storage Reservoir is begun by Consumers Energy and Detroit Edison.
Six turbines for the "project" will be shipped directly from Japan to Ludington,
then hauled on a special road the last few miles. The "project" will be
completed in 1973 at a cost of $379 million, forever altering the view
from Campbell Park.
and Meditations of Edward Scribner Ames" [1870-1958] is edited by Van
Meter Ames [1898-1985] and published by the Disciples Divinity House at
the University of Chicago (144 pages).
Marker is erected in Ludington commemorating the "Armistice Day
Storm" of November 11, 1940. A similar marker will be erected in Pentwater
in 1986 commemorating the "Veterans' Day Storm".
1975 (about) - "Mom's
Book [of Poetry]" (38 pages) is published by Janet Neilson [d.1998]
in Saint Louis, Missouri. It contains at least three poems inspired by
Campbell Park: Climbing
to Tank Hill, Lake Michigan Sunset, and Purple Martins.
1976 - White
Pine Village museum opens as a Bicentennial project near Ludington.
the Simple Things", a book of poetry, is written and published by Van
Meter Ames [1898-1985] in Cincinnati, Ohio (190 pages). Chapter 1 (pages
9-33) is devoted to poems about Pentwater. The foreword is written by Macklin
Thomas, Van's second cousin and owner of Wayside Cottage (located just
North of Campbell Park). Van's previous works include "Aesthetics of the
1979 (August) -
of Campbell Park is drawn by Edward (Ted) LOLLIS from field notes he
made in August 1975.
1981 - "Of Time
and Pentwater - North Beach" - A history of the North Beach Association
(immediately North of Campbell Park) by Sydney V. JAMES, Edward
Topping JAMES, and others is published by the North Beach Association
of Pentwater, Inc. (See entry for April 17, 2001.)
1982 (Summer) -
of Pentwater sends questionnaire to all property owners asking how
Pentwater might be improved. Campbell Park will adopt a resolution on 04
July 1983 commending various village bodies "for the constructive information
they have developed..."
1984 (January 18)
Christian Century celebrates its centennial, i.e. the centennial
of the founding of its predecessor publication -- the Christian Oracle
-- in Iowa in 1884. In the January
18 issue of the Century, managing editor Linda-Marie Delloff quotes
Charles Clayton Morrison as giving George Alexander Campbell credit for
suggesting the new name -- the Christian Century -- in Chicago in 1899.
1985 (Summer) -
Campbell Park wreck lies in only four feet of water. See entry for
1985 (November 5)
- Van Meter Ames [1898-1985] dies in Cincinnati, Ohio. There will
be discussion about a suitable memorial, and a little book of Van's writings
about Pentwater will be published in 1996. A memorial bench will also be
constructed on the board walk, but other names are proposed, and no plaque
is ever afixed to the memorial bench.
Markers are erected in Pentwater commemorating the "Veterans' Day
Storm" of November 11, 1940 and the "Graveyard of Ships". A
similar marker was erected in Ludington in 1971 commemorating the "Armistice
Torential rains ("worst flooding in history of Michigan") create
havoc all along Pentwater River: Hart Lake is drained, the southbound bridge
of the US-31 freeway collapses, and Long Bridge across Pentwater Lake is
1989 (July 5) -
Dune Statutes (P.A. 146 & 147) are signed into law by Michigan
Governor James J. Blanchard. The laws generally prohibit any structure
on a slope steeper than 18% and any use at all on a slope steeper than
1993 (August) -
Park - Minutes of the Cottage Owners Association and the Pentwater Heights
Association (along with other material included in the original notebooks)
1907-1992" is photocopied and distributed by Ann Clark Calkins.
1996 (Spring) -
Built on Sand," by Van Meter Ames [1898-1985] is edited by Sanford
Ames and published by Campbell Park Cottage Owners in Van Meter's memory.
The little book contains an an essay about Pentwater (pp. 1-17) and sixteen
Pentwater poems (pp. 31-46).
1994 - Epworth
Heights celebrates its centennial.
1998 - Bortell's
Fish Market celebrates its centennial.
1999 (July) - "Like
the core of the family that held everything together." - Two of the
oldest and most revered members of the Campbell family die eight days apart:
Cleta Hope CAMPBELL Whitehead [born in Yakima, Washington, in 1893]
and Mary Evalyn CAMPBELL Auer Wulff [born in Hannibal, Missouri,
1999 (August) -
"Garrison Park Association History" by Harry Q. Wasson and
others is published by the Garrison Park Association. See 1903 entry for
the early history of Garrison Park..
2000 (January 26)
- Christian Century celebrates "a century of the Century" -- and
decides to retain its name for a second hundred years ("Take Two"). In
26 issue of the Century, historian Mark Toulouse refers to Pentwaterites
Herbert Lockwood Willett, Edward Scribner Ames, and Charles Clayton Morrison.
2001 (April 17)
- Death of Edward
Topping JAMES in Norwood, Massachusetts. Born in 1917 in Chicago, James
was a lifelong summer resident of Pentwater's North Beach, Harvard roommate
of Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., and co-editor with his wife Janet
WILSON of "Notable American Women, 1607-1950." His grandfather
TOPPING purchased Lake Michigan frontage immediately North of Campbell
Park and started what would become the North Beach Association (NBA).
(See entries for Spring 1941 and 1981.)
2001 (August) -
Ridge Ridge Meeting House in Paris, Kentucky, celebrates the bicentennial
of the Great Revival led by
Barton Warren Stone. (See
entry for 1801.)
2002 (May) - "The
Town that Time Forgot: Tiny Pentwater, Michigan, hasn't changed too
much in decades [and] that's a good thing." This is the subject of
a travel article by Rebecca Poynor Burns in the Indianapolis Monthly magazine.
2002 (October 4)
Breneman Ames [1907-2002] dies in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Betty is 95
years old (same age as Campbell Park) and the last of "the second generation"
(i.e. Campbell Park founders' children and their spouses).
2003 - "Ghosts
of the Oceana Coast: Pentwater Shipwrecks" is published by Brendon
Baillod. The author is co-founder and director of the Great
Lakes Shipwreck Research Foundation in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The book
mentions the Campbell Park wreck but does not conclusively identify it.
See entries for 1878 (September 20), 1953 (about), and 1985 (Summer).
2004 - Garrison
Park celebrates its centennial on Pentwater's South Beach.
2006 (June 25-30) - George Campbell (Camp) Murphy (b.1971) and his girlfriend Anna photograph Campbell Cottage (interior and exterior), Campbell Park, Pentwater, and vicinity. Camp posts the photos to his photoblog "iCamp." To see the photos, go to
"Pentwater - June 2006" and
"Campbell Cottage Album". Camp was named for George Alexender Campbell II who was killed at West Point, NY, on September 11, 1948 (qv).
2007 (July 15) -
Park celebrates its centennial on Pentwater's North Beach.
A thick history ("Campbell Park 1907-2007: The First 100 Years") is compiled and distributed in a 3-ring binder by "the historical committee" (Sibyl Sloan McBride, Pat Neilson, Anne Shannon, and Julie Sloan Van Hamm). Some of this website is reproduced in Chapter 1 (History). Other sources of Chapter 1 are "Pentwater 1853-1942" by Florence R. Schrumpf, "Campbell Park 1907-1957" by Robert Alexander Campbell, "A Review of Twenty Years 1957-1977," and Campbell Park minutes 1977-present. The new book also includes a five-page essay I wrote in March 2007 about my mother's lifelong association with Pentwater and Campbell Park. Click here to see the essay (in Word format).
2009 (August 3) -
Bicentennial of Thomas Campbell's "Declaration and Address" (qv) is celebrated with a mass communion service at the close of the World Convention of Christian Churches in Nashville, Tennessee. The Bicentennial Task Force issues a new call for unity among all congregations in the Stone-Campbell movement -- the Churches of Christ, Christian Churches/Churches of Christ, and the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ).